Eurojust’s core business is to assist the competent authorities of Member States, when they deal with serious cross-border and organised crime, such as:
- Trafficking in human beings
- Illegal immigrant smuggling
- Drugs and arms
- The sexual exploitation of women and children
- Online child abuse
- Various kinds of fraud and money laundering
- Environmental crime
Eurojust can assist in such cases where a Member State and a non-Member State are involved. It can also help a Member State and the Commission when offences affect the European Union’s financial interests.
Eurojust’s goals are: first, to stimulate and improve the coordination between the national authorities, and to this end it works closely with EU partners such as the European Judicial Network (EJN), Europol, and OLAF where appropriate; second, to improve cooperation between the competent authorities, in particular by facilitating mutual legal assistance and the execution of mutual recognition instruments such as the European Arrest Warrant; and third, to support competent authorities in improving the effectiveness of their investigations and prosecutions, for example, by seeking solutions to recurring problems in judicial cooperation. In non-operational strategic matters, Eurojust works closely with EU and Member State institutions such as the European Parliament, national parliaments, the Council and the Commission.
Because crimes threatening European citizens are often global in nature, Eurojust has worked with various partners to help meet this threat. It has negotiated cooperation agreements for the exchange of judicial information and personal data outside the EU. Agreements have been concluded with Norway, Iceland, the USA, Switzerland, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Liaison prosecutors from Norway, Switzerland and the USA are based at Eurojust. In addition to cooperation agreements, Eurojust maintains a network of contact points outside the EU, and has memoranda of understanding with bodies such as the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and IberRed.