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Digital Criminal Justice

Digital Criminal Justice study

Initiating the Digital Criminal Justice study

This study aims to assess the business needs of the EU judiciary community working on criminal cases, and exploring relevant technological solutions.

The study has the following objectives:

  1. Analysing the current policy landscape within the Member States and at EU level, including potential obstacles presented to Digital Criminal Justice presented by these frameworks.
  2. Undertaking a high-level assessment of the business needs of judicial practitioners working on investigations in cross-border criminal cases, in particular with respect to data exchange and processing, as well as a gap analysis of the business needs against the existing solutions and those proposed under the Digital Criminal Justice study;
  3. Identifying and examining in detail the most promising technical solutions for meeting the identified business needs based on emerging trends in the field of communication and information technology, and how these technologies could be leveraged to address the identified business needs;
  4. Preparing final recommendations on Digital Criminal justice, including guidance on appropriate technical solutions.

The figure below displays the logic behind this study:

Digital Criminal Justice Project phases
Click on image to expand.

State of play

​The study’s second phase is now closed. This phase included data collection activities: strategic interviews with various services of the European Commission, Eurojust, Europol, eu-LISA, Frontex and the EPPO; an online web-based survey; as well as field visits (Croatia, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands and Romania) and phone interviews (France and Italy).

Besides these activities, an Interim Report was produced and a First Expert Group meeting was held in Brussels on 13-14 January 2020. The key findings of this document and the meeting are provided the Third Issue of the Newsletter.

The project is now in its third phase, during which the study team is preparing the Final Report, which will include an in-depth assessment of the key solutions for the implementation of Cross-border Digital Criminal Justice.

The assessment will focus on the following dimensions: technical, security, legal and data protection, as well as a funding plan. Based on this analysis, the Final Report will provide a set of recommendations, including a roadmap for the implementation of the solutions.

The Final Report will be discussed in detail during the Second Expert Group meeting to be held in Brussels towards the end of April 2020.

The project has published its Third Issue of the Newsletter with information regarding the wide range of activities conducted since the previous edition.  The Newsletter can be accessed through this link


The European Commission has created an online platform to provide further information on Digital Criminal Justice: the DCJ Confluence space. This platform allows one to follow the study, review its outputs, provide feedback and debate with other practitioners through a chat tool.

Please note that the confluence space is restricted to judicial and law enforcement authorities (information on how to gain access to this space can be found in the study's first newsletter). The newsletter is produced bi-monthly and includes information on the study’s timeline and milestones, as well as the current status.